0. She was engaged in an (argue)______with Roberts about equal pay for men and women.
1. These methods are (effect)______in English teaching.
2. The professor has a large (collect)______of books.
3. If you read the paper (care)______, I am sure you will pass the exam.
4. The (excite)______crowd rushed into the mayor's office.
5. I don't think it wise to teach students of different (able)______ in the same class.
6. The whole world looks upon the rapid (economy)______development of our country as a great wonder.
7. It is (scientific)______to think that science can solve all the problems for human beings.
8. Many television viewers take him as their (favor)______ actor.
9. After he finished the assignment, he found some (addition)______exercises to do.
二、2.Vocabulary and Structure
0. The departure time of the plane has been postponed, so we have nothing to do now but______.
B．to be waiting
1. I couldn't understand why he pretended______in the garden.
A．not to see me
B．not see me
C．to see me not
D．to see not me
2. Only when we came back home, ______that my watch was missing.
A．did I find
C．I had found
D．Had I found
3. ______more time, the scientists will be able to work out a good solution to the problem.
4. Some of the apples were rotten before reaching the market and______away.
A．could be thrown
B．had to be thrown
D．had to throw
5. ______in Beijing for more than twenty years, he knows the city very well.
6. Mr. Zhang, ______came to see me yesterday, is an old friend of my father's.
7. We plan to increase the output of the machine______7.4 percent this year.
8. I don't mind______out for a walk in such bad weather.
9. As a lawyer he spent a lot of time______investigations.
10. The new invention is to make our daily life easier, ______it more difficult.
A．not to make
D．do not make
11. ______, the old man had a sharp ear for even the slightest sound.
A．As he was blind
B．As blind as he was
C．Blind as he was
D．As he was just blind
12. I______ a little earlier, but I met a friend of mine on the way.
B．would be arriving
C．could have arrived
13. The news______our football team had won the match excited all of us.
14. Henry looked very much______when he was caught cheating in the exam.
15. We are interested in the weather because it______ us so directly.
16. Janet, ______was read by the teacher, is a top student in our class.
A．the composition of hers
B．the composition of whom
17. Hardly had he entered the classroom______the bell rang.
18. I would rather you______to the party with her.
19. His English was so poor that he found it difficult to make himself______.
20. The sun heats the earth, ______makes it possible for plants to grow.
21. Little______that the police are about to arrest him.
A．does he know
C．he doesn't know
D．he didn't know
22. It's high time we______something to stop road accidents.
23. This is the best novel______I have ever read.
24. It's necessary that the problem______in some way or other.
B．has been settled
25. ______you say, I am sure that the young man is innocent.
26. Staying in a hotel costs______renting a room in an apartment for a week.
A．twice as more as
B．as more twice as
C．twice as much as
D．as much twice as
27. John puts up his hand______the teacher asks a question.
28. When you are free this afternoon, please help me to have these letters______.
29. I wish you______here last night. All of us were waiting for your arrival.
30. By the time you arrive in London, we______in Europe for two weeks.
B．will have stayed
D．have been staying
31. I didn't see him at the meeting yesterday afternoon. He______it.
B．can't have attended
C．wouldn't have attended
D．needn't have attended
32. I think there's no comparison between the two cars, one______clearly far better than the other.
33. Many of his novels are reported______into several foreign languages last year.
A．to be translated
D．to have been translated
34. Mary said it was______box for me to carry.
A．a too heavy
B．too a heavy
C．too heavy a
35. The children are required not to leave the building unless______to do so.
B．they will be told
36. I've never seen the young man______next to the director.
37. We object______carrying out the plan.
38. Shanghai has experienced such great changes that everyone can recognize that it is no longer______.
A．what it used to
B．that it used to like
C．the same it used to be
D．what it used to be
39. He bought a new mobile phone last Sunday, because his old one______.
B．had been stolen
1.Who takes care of the elderly in the United States today? The fact is that family members provide over 80% of the care that elderly people need. In most cases the elderly live in their own homes. A very small percentage of America's elderly live in nursing homes.
Samuel Preston, a sociologist at the University of Pennsylvania, studied how the American family is changing. He reported that by the time the average American couple reaches about 40 years of age, their parents are usually still alive. The statistics show the change in lifestyles and responsibilities of aging (老龄化) Americans. The average middle-aged couple can look forward to caring for elderly parents sometime after their own children have grown up. Moreover, because people today live longer after an illness than people did years ago, family members must provide long-term care. These facts also mean that after caregivers provide for their elderly parents, who will eventually die, they will be old and may require care too. When they do, their spouses (配偶) will probably take care of them because they have had fewer children than their parents did.
Because Americans are living longer than ever, more social workers have begun to study ways of caregiving to improve the care of the elderly. They have found that all caregivers share a common characteristic; They believe that they are the best people for the job. The social workers have also discovered three basic reasons why the caregivers take on the responsibility of caring for an elderly, dependent relative. Many caregivers believe they had an obligation (职责) to help their relatives. Some think that helping others makes them feel more useful. Others hope that by helping someone now, they will deserve care when they become old and dependent.
Samuel Preston's study shows that______.
A．lifestyles and responsibilities of the elderly are not changing
B．most American couples over 40 have no living parents
C．middle-aged Americans have to take care of their children and parents at the same time
D．elderly people may need care for a long time because they live longer after an illness
Who will most probably take care of the middle-aged Americans when they need care themselves?
B．Their close friends.
D．Their husbands or wives.
All caregivers believe that they can______.
A．care for their elderly parents better than any other people
B．keep closer to their old parents by this means
C．do much better if they have a job as social workers
D．improve the care of the elderly with the help of the social workers
Which of the following is NOT a reason why people look after their relatives?
A．They feel they are of use to other people.
B．They want to set an example to their children.
C．They think it is their duty to help their relatives.
D．They hope they deserve care when they need it.
What is the main idea of the passage?
A．Most old people live longer today after an illness than people did years ago.
B．Many old people are put into nursing homes by their families, who do not visit them regularly.
C．Most elderly people are taken care of by their families, who assume the responsibility for different reasons.
D．Most elderly people are satisfied with the better ways of caregiving that social workers have come up with.
7.I once knew a young man, nineteen years of age, who lived with absolute outward (外表的) confidence and self-possession for a number of years before I discovered that he could not read or write. His various methods of trick, which were also skills of self-protection, were so skillful and so desperate (绝望) that neither I nor any of his other adult friends were aware of his entire helplessness in face of written words until we went to dinner one night at a local restaurant—and suddenly discovered that he could not read.
Even here, it was not the first time we went out to eat, but something like the second or third, that Peter's desperation shocked me. The first time, he was clever enough to cover the truth. He studied the menu for a moment, then looked up to the waitress and asked her if he could have "just a coke and a hamburger". He told me later that he had done the same thing many times before and that he had learned to act as if he were examining the menu:" Then I ask for a coke and a hamburger. . . Sometimes they give me a hamburger on a plate with salad and potatoes. . . Then I ask them for a roll and make my own hamburger.
As we began to go out to eat more frequently, Peter would ask to go to Howard Johnson's. I soon discovered the reason for his choice: The photographs, attached in cellophane(玻璃纸) containers to each of the standard items on the menu, could help him not to struggle with the shape of words at all. Howard Johnson's, whether intentionally or not, had provided the perfect escape for the endangered pride of an adult who was illiterate(文盲).
When he went to a restaurant, Peter would______.
A．pretend that he could not read or write
B．pretend to be studying the menu
C．be desperate for help from other people
D．protect himself by playing a musical instrument
The young man was not found to be illiterate until______.
A．he dined out with his adult friends at Howard Johnson's
B．he could no longer come up with various ways of deception
C．he had dinner with his friends at a certain local restaurant for the second or third time
D．he was not careful enough to be aware of his entire helplessness in face of written words
What did the young man usually have at a restaurant?
A．Standard items on the menu.
B．A hamburger made by himself.
C．Foods that other people ordered.
D．A coke and a hamburger.
The word" self-possession" ( Para. 1) probably means______.
Why did the young man like to go to Howard Johnson's?
A．Howard Jonhson's provided a perfect escape when anything dangerous should happen.
B．The menu at Howard Johnson's gave a clear introduction of the food it served.
C．The photographs attached to the main items on the menu helped conceal his illiteracy.
D．He would feel at ease because eaters at Howard Johnson's were all adult non-readers.
13.After practising as a surgeon for several years, Dr. Ginoux decided to apply for membership in the American College of Surgeons(美国外科医生学会) , a highly selective and distinguished(著名的) professional organization.
As part of the application procedure (手续) , Dr. Ginoux was asked to prepare a list of all the operations performed in the previous even years. Slowly, as she worked on the long list, she began to feel uncertain. She began to question some of her decisions. Had she used the best technique in that case? Maybe, in this case, she should have given one more test before operating? On the other hand, maybe she should have. . . Would the doctors on the selection committee understand that, as the only trained surgeon in the area, she usually could not get advice from others and therefore, had to rely completely on her own judgment? For the first time, Dr. Ginoux felt lonely and isolated.
The longer Dr. Ginoux worked on the application forms, the more depressed she became. As hope faded, she wondered if a "country doctor"had a realistic chance of being accepted by the American College of Surgeons.
Dr. Ginoux was working in______.
A．a large city
B．the American College of Surgeons
C．an area far from any big city
D．a selective organization
It was most probable that Dr. Ginoux was______.
A．a member in that organization
B．a well-trained surgeon
C．a graduate from American College of Surgeons
D．a distinguished surgeon in America
When she was filling the application forms, Dr. Ginoux began to be______.
The application forms must include______.
A．the decision procedure
B．the college achievements
C．the best technique
D．a list of advice and judgments
When filling the forms, Dr. Ginoux felt depressed because______.
A．she didn't perform. enough operations
B．some operations were unsuccessful
C．she didn't get advice from the selection committee
D．she was doubtful about her previous operations
19.Are some people born clever and other born stupid? Or is intelligence developed by our environment and our experience? Strangely enough, the answer to these questions is yes. To some extent our intelligence is given to us at birth, and no amount of special education can make a genius out of a child born with low intelligence. On the other hand, a child who lives in a boring environment will develop his intelligence less than one who lives in rich and varied surroundings. Thus the limits of a person's intelligence are fixed at birth, whether or not he reaches those limits will depend on his environment. This view, now held by most experts, can be supported in a number of ways.
It is easy to show that intelligence is to some extent something we are born with. The closer the blood relationship between two people is, the closer they are likely to be in intelligence. Thus if we take two unrelated people at random from the population, it is likely that their degree of intelligence will be completely different. If, on the other hand, we take two identical twins, they will very likely be as intelligent as each other. Relations like brothers and sisters, parents and children, usually have similar intelligence, and this clearly suggests that intelligence depend on birth.
Imagine now that we take two identical twins and put them in different environments. We might send one, for example, to a university and the other to a factory where the work is boring. We would soon find differences in their intelligence developing, and this indicates that environment as well as birth plays a part. This conclusion is also suggested by the fact that people who live in close contact with each other, but who are not related at all are likely to have similar degree of intelligence.
If a child is born with low intelligence, he can______.
A．not reach his intelligence in his life
B．go beyond his intelligence limits in rich surroundings
C．still become a genius if he should be given special education
D．become a genius
"If we take two unrelated people at random from the population" ( Para. 2) means if we______. .
A．choose two persons with different intelligence
B．choose two persons who are relative
C．take out two persons of close relationship
D．pick any two persons
The example of the twins going to a university and to a factory separately shows______.
A．the part that birth plays
B．the importance of their positions
C．the role of environment on intelligence
D．the importance of their intelligence
The writer is in favor of the view that man's intelligence is given to him______.
A．neither at birth nor through education
B．both at birth and through education
The best title of this passage can be______
A．Effect of Education
B．Dependence on Environment
1.Earthquakes are something that most people fear. There are some places that have【71】or no earthquakes. Most places in the world, 【72】, have them regularly. Some places, 【73】Iran and Guatemala have them frequently. Countries that have a lot of earthquakes are usually quite【74】.The earthquake that the people most【75】about in the United Stated was the one happening in San Francisco in 1906. Over 500 people died【76】it. The strongest one in North America was in 1964. It happened in Alaska.
Strong earthquakes are not always the ones that kill【77】. In 1755 , one of the strongest earthquakes ever【78】happened in Portugal. Around 20, 000 people died.
In 1923 , a very powerful earthquake【79】the Tokyo-Yokohama area of Japan. A hundred and forty thousand people died. Most of them died in fires which【80】the earthquake.
One of the【81】earthquakes ever was in China in 1976. It killed【82】people. The most destructive (破坏 性的) earthquake ever reported was also in China. 400, 000 people were killed or【83】in this quake, which happened in 1556.
Earthquakes are【84】which people fear. Floods and tidal waves also cause people to be【85】, as【86】like typhoons and cyclones(飓风) . Sometimes these things cause lots of deaths. In 1970, a cyclone and tidal wave killed over 200, 000 in Pakistan.
These kinds of things make people afraid and they are very dangerous. But they probably do not worry people【87】earthquakes do, especially in these modern times. The reason is【88】we often know they are coming, because we have some【89】. Some day we may be able to know an earthquake is coming. So far, however, there is no sure way to【90】an earthquake. When one comes, it is a surprise. People cannot prepare for it.
C．for that reason
A．so far as
C．most the people
D．the most people
A．a large sum of
B．a great deal of
C．a large number of
D．a large amount of
A．not only the acts of nature
B．not only the nature of acts
C．not only acts of the nature
D．not the only acts of nature
A．the bad storm did
B．do the bad storms
C．the storms did badly
D．the bad storms do
A．as many as
B．as much as
C．so many as
D．as more as
Directions: Translate the following Chinese into English.
Directions: Translate the following English into Chinese.
0. Whenever our motherland needs me, I will respond to her call.
1. It is obvious that the development of science and technology is vital to the modernization of China.
2. She refused to hand over the car keys to her husband until he had promised to wear his safety belt.
3. Quite a few young people nowadays have the habit of listening to background music while doing their homework.
4. As far as the method itself is concerned, it is worth trying.
0. For this part, you are required to write a composition on the topic ''Money". You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the Chinese outline given below.
2．有人认为金钱是万恶之源(the source of all crimes)。