2、The album is as it was the only one ever signed by the President.
3、The author's attitude towards the hippie movement is one of______.
4、By 1830 the former Spanish and Portuguese colonies had become independent nations. The roughly 20 million 【B1】 of these nations loved 【B2】 to the future. Born in the crisis of the old regime and Iberian Colonialism, many of the leaders of independence 【B3】 the ideals of representative government, careers 【B4】 to talent, freedom of commerce and trade, the 【B5】 to private property, and a belief in the individual as the basis of society. 【B6】 there was a belief that the new nations should be sovereign and independent states, large enough to be economically viable and integrated by a 【B7】 set of laws.
On the issue of 【B8】 of religion and the position of the church, 【B9】 , there was less agreement 【B10】 the leadership Roman Catholicism had been the state religion and the only one 【B11】 by the Spanish crown. 【B12】 most leaders sought to maintain Catholicism 【B13】 the official religion of the new states, some sought to end the 【B14】 of other faiths. The defense of the Church became a rallying 【B15】 for the conservative forces.
The ideals of the early leaders of independence were often egalitarian, valuing equality of everything. Bolivar had received aid from Haiti and had 【B16】 in return to abolish slavery in the areas he liberated. By 1854 slavery had been abolished everywhere except Spain's 【B17】 colonies. Early premise to end Indian tribute and taxes on people of mixed origin came much 【B18】 because the new nations still needed the revenue such policies 【B19】 Egalitarian sentiments were often tempered by fears that the mass of the population was 【B20】 self-rule and democracy.
5、Critelli's response to the real cause of her aunt's death was
6、The writer seems to think that ______.
A.new ways of inducing sleep is still beyond man's knowledge
B.consciousness is a crucial part in sleep research
C.the understanding of the purpose of sleep is still hard to achieve
D.we've got new insights into the consciousness
7、By 1,800 about half the population of Brazil had come from Africa. So had about half the population of Venezuela. So had a smaller but still large part of all the population of Trans-Atlantic republics, whether in North, Central or South Africa, or in the Caribbean islands. It was these men and women of African descent conquered the wilderness of the Americas, clearing and working in countless farms and plantations, founding and opening innumerable mines of iron or precious metals. Harsh and painful as it was, the overseas slave trade (like the not much less painful movement of millions of hungry and jobless men and women from Europe) laid the foundations of American republics. These Africans beyond the seas have their place in the story of Africa (the story of West Africa), for what they attempted and achieved was also a reflection of the strong and independent civilization from which they came. Consider, for example, the heroic and successful struggle for independence conducted by the slaves of the Caribbean land of St. Domingue. In 1789, at the moment of the French Revolution, this French colony in the Caribbean was probably the wealthiest colony in the world. Its tens of thousands of African slave-workers produced enormous quantities of sugar, whole European communities lived off the profits.
When news of the Revolution in France reached St. Domingue, these slaves claimed their share in its ideals and benefits. They demanded their freedom. When denied this, they rose in revolt against their masters. In years of hard fighting against large armies sent by France, and afterwards against large armies sent by Britain, these men of St. Domingue won their freedom and founded the Republic of Haiti. Yet more than half these soldiers of freedom had made the "middle passage" across the Atlantic. More than half, in other words, had been born in Africa, had spent their childhood in Africa, and had learned in Africa their respect for freedom; while nearly all the rest were the children of parents or grandparents born in Africa. And they were led by Africans: by men of genius and courage such as Boukman, the unforgettable Toussaint Louverture, and Dessalines.
Raised by Toussaint and his Africans, the banner of freedom across the Atlantic was carried from people to people. Many threw off their bondage. Large numbers of men of African origin fought in the armies that made the United States what they are today. It was a general of African descent, Antonio Maceo, who led the military struggle for Cuban independence against Spain in 1868.
Like other men of vision, Maceo had no time for racism, for the false idea that one race of men is better or worse than any other. Some of the whites of Cuba disagreed with him. They were Spanish settlers who thought that white was going to be better than black even in an independent Cuba.
One day Maceo was approached by a Spanish Cuban who suggested that the regiments of independence army should be divided into whites and non-whites. Maceo made him a reply which became famous in Cuba. "If you were not white", Maceo said to this man, "I would have you shot on the spot. But I do not wish to be accused of being racialist as you are, and so I let you go, but with the warning that I shall not be so patient another time. The revolution has no color".
It could be inferred that the writer thinks that, in comparison with the movement of millions of hungry and jobless people from Europe, the overseas slave trade was ______
A.much less harsh and painful
B.rather harsh and painful
C.more harsh and painful
D.not much less harsh and painful
8、Which of the following statement is not true?
A.The historical Stonehenge in Wiltshire was the most shining example of the Celts created civilization.
B.The purposes of the ancient Britons to build the Stonehenge still unknown to modem historians.
C.The Roman army, commanded by Julius Caesar, invaded England in the first century B.C.
D.The Rome invaders drove the Celts to the mountains Scotland and Ireland.
9、In Paragraph 4, "you" refers to______.
D.smokers who have quitted smoking
11、From the text we can see that the writer seems______.
12、By answering a question with "so" instead of "well", the responder might subconsciously intend to show that______.
A.he is the conversation dominator
B.he is skilled in using new media
C.his answer is a well grounded one
D.his answer is different from others'
13、In paragraph 3，Elise Claeson mainly refutes the idea that________．
A.school should incorporate the concept of gender neutrality into daily classes
B.writers should use gender—neutral pronouns rather than gender denoting pronouns
C.gender pedagogy and gender neutrality are supported by the wide public in Sweden
D.only under the leadership of elites can the gender equality campaign achieve Success
A.made a companion
C.took an attitude
D.had the best
15、— Salut. Et alors tes examens ? Tu as les résultats ?
— Oui. j’ai tout _____.
— Bravo. Je te félicite.