English for Qualification Test
Part I Use of Language (10 minutes)
Directions: There are 10 incomplete dialogues in this part. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. —Bob, meet Mary.
A) Hi, Mary, nice to meet you. B) Nice to meet you, Bob.
C) How can I help you? D) Hi, what ’s up?
2. —How is everything with you recently?
A) Sure, no problem. B) Can’t complain.
C) You are welcome. D) Never mind.
3. — You look really familiar. Don’ I know you from somewhere? t ’
A) Sorry, I ’m not sure. B) Great idea!
C) That’s all right. D) Good for you!
— Yeah, it is really a paradise in winter.
A) Such a chilly night!
B) This weather makes me feel down.
C) It ’s my pleasure to be invited to your new house.
D) I can’t wait to get to Hainan.
5. –– I’d like to get a haircut this afternoon, but I ’m running out of cash. Can I borrow $20?
A) Forget about it! B) It ’s a deal!
C) Not at all. D) Sure, here you go.
6. — I will graduate next week and I ’ve got a job in a computer company.
A) I really appreciate your help.
B) Congratulations. You have a good son!
C) That’s great! I wish you the best of luck in your new job.
D) I ’m sorry to hear that. Don ’t be too upset about it.
7. — ________
— I’m afraid the front tire is flat.
A) How are you doing? B) What ’s wrong with my car?
C) Can it be helped? D) May I borrow your laptop?
8. — Where shall we meet after work? Where is the cool new restaurant you mentioned?
— It’s right across the street from the subway station. ________
A) You can’t miss it! B) What a shame!
C) You got my back. D) What ’s the hurry?
9. — Oh, Dear! I forgot to answer your e-mail for such a long time. I ’m terribly sorry.
A) Yes, I’d love to. It ’s such a long time.
B) That would be very kind of you.
C) I’m very busy. Please make the long story short.
D) I waited for some time. But that ’s OK.
10. — ________
— Um, it is so terrible. Can we serve you another meal? I ’m awfully sorry.
A) I broke your plate. I ’m so careless.
B) Oh, I forgot to bring you the sandwich.
C) How did you do that! The meal is not fresh at all.
D) I ’ve had enough. I’m watching my weight.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
In the animal kingdom, weakness can bring about aggression in other animal. This sometimes happens with humans also. But I have found that my weakness brings out the kindness in people. I see it every day when people hold doors for me, pour cream into my coffee, or help me to put on my coat.
And I have discovered that it makes them happy.
From my wheelchair experience, I see the best in people, but sometimes I feel sad because those who appear independent miss the kindness I see daily. They don't get to see this soft side of others. Often, we try every way possible to avoid showing our weakness, which includes a lot of pretending. But only when we stop pretending we're brave or strong do we allow people to show the kindness that's in them.
Last month, when I was driving home on a busy highway, I began to feel unwell and drove more slowly than usual. People behind me began to get impatient and angry, with some speeding up alongside me, horning ( 按喇叭 ) or even shouting at me. At the moment I decided to do something I had never done in twenty-four years of driving. I put on the car flashlights and drove on at a really low speed.
No more angry shouts and no more horns!
When I put on my flashlights, I was saying to other drivers, "I have a problem here. I am weak and doing the best I can." And everyone understood. Several times, I saw drivers who wanted to pass. They couldn't get around me because of the stream of passing traffic. But instead of getting impatient and angry, they waited, knowing the driver in front of them was in some way weak.
Sometimes situations call for us to act strong and brave even when we don't feel that way. But those are few and far between. More often, it would be better if we don't pretend we feel strong when we feel weak or pretend that we are brave when we are scared.
11. The author has discovered that people will feel happy when ______.
A) they offer their help B) they receive o thers help ’
C. they feel others’ kindness D. they show their weakness
12. The author feels sad sometimes because ______.
A) he has a soft heart
B) he relies much on others
C) some people pretend to be kind
D) some people fail to see the kindness in others
13. What did the other drivers do when they saw the flashlights?
A) They speed up to pass. B) They waited with patience.
C) They tried their best to help. D) They put on their flashlights too.
14. In this passage, the author advises us to ______.
A) handle problems by ourselves B) accept help from others
C) admit our weakness D) show our bravery
15. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A) A Wheelchair Experience. B) Weakness and Kindness.
C) Weakness and Strength D) A Driving Experience
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Looking back on my childhood, I am convinced that naturalists are born and not made. Although we were all brought up in the same way, my brothers and sisters soon abandoned their flowers and insects. Unlike them, I had no ear for music and languages. I was not an early reader and I could not do mental arithmetic.
Before World War I we spent our summer holidays in Hungary. I have only the dim memory of the house we lived in, of my room and my toys. Nor do I recall clearly the large family of grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins who gathered next door. But I do have a crystal-clear memoryof the dogs, the farm animals, the local birds and, above all the insects.
I am a naturalist, not a scientist. I have a strong love of the natural world, and my enthusiasm has led me into varied investigations. I love discussing my favorite topics and enjoy burning the midnight oil while reading about other people ’obse s rvations and discoveries. Then something happens that brings these observations together in my conscious mind. Suddenly you fancy you see the answer to the riddle (谜), because it all seems to fit together. This has resulted in my publishing 300 papers and books, which some might honor with the title of scientific research.
But curiosity, a keen eye, a good memory and enjoyment of the animal and plant world do not make a scientist: one of the outstanding and essential qualities required is self-discipline, a quality I lack. A scientist requires not only self-discipline but all training, determination and a goal. A scientist, up to a point, can be made. A naturalist is born. If you can combine the two, you get the best of both worlds.
16. The first paragraph tells us that the author ________.
A) was born to a naturalist ’ s family
B) lost his hearing when he was a child
C) didn ’ t like his brothers and sisters
D) was interested in flowers and insects in his childhood
17. The author can ’ t remember his relatives cle arly because ________.
A) he didn ’ t live very long with them B) he was fully occupied with observing nature
C) he was too young when he lived with them D) the family was extremely large
18. It can be inferred from the passage that the author was ________.
A) no more than a born naturalist B) a naturalist but not a scientist
C) a scientist as well as a naturalist D) first of all a scientist
19. The author says that he is a naturalist rather than a scientist probably because he thinks he
A) lacks some of the qualities required of a scientist
B) has a great deal of trouble doing mental arithmetic
C) just reads about other people ’ s observations and discoveries
D) comes up with solutions in a most natural way
20. According to the author, a born naturalist should first of all be ________.
A) full of ambition B) full of enthusiasm
C) knowledgeable D) self-disciplined
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
The biggest safety threat facing airlines today may not be a terrorist with a gun, but the man with the portable computer in business class. In the last 15 years, pilots have reported well over 100 incidents that could have been caused by electromagnetic interference. The source of this interference remains unconfirmed, but increasingly, experts are pointing the blame at portable electronic device such as portable computers, radio and cassette players and mobile telephones.
RTCA, an organization which advises the aviation (航空 ) industry, has recommended that all airlines ban (禁止 ) such devices from being used during ― critical ‖ stages of flight, particularly take -off and landing. Some experts have gone further, calling for a total ban during all flights. Currently, rules on using these devices are left up to individual airlines. And although some airlines prohibit
passengers from using such equipment during take-off and landing, most are reluctant to enforce a total ban, given that many passengers want to work during flights.
The difficulty is predicting how electromagnetic fields might affect an aircraft computers. ’ s Experts know that portable device emit radiation which affects those wavelengths which aircraft use for navigation and communication. But, because they have not been able to reproduce these effects in a laboratory, they have no way of knowing whether the interference might be dangerous or not.
The fact that aircraft may be vulnerable (易受损的 ) to interference raises the risk that terrorists may use radio systems in order to damage navigation equipment. As worrying, though, is the passenger who can ’ t hear the instructions to turn off his radio because the music ’ s too loud.
21. The passage is mainly about ________.
A) a new regulation for all airlines B) the defects of electronic devices
C) a possible cause of aircraft crashes D) effective safety measures for air flight
22. What is said about the over 100 aircraft incidents in the past 15 years?
A) They may have been caused by the damage to the radio systems.
B) They may have taken place during take-off and landing.
C) They were proved to have been caused by the passengers ’ portable computers.
D) They were suspected to have resulted from electromagnetic interference.
23. Few airlines want to impose a total ban on their passengers using electronic devices because
A) they don ’ t believe there is such a danger as radio interference
B) the harmful effect of electromagnetic interference is yet to be proved
C) most passengers refuse to take a plane which bans the use of radio and cassette players
D) they have other effective safety measures to fall back on
24. Why is it difficult to predict the possible effects of electromagnetic fields on an airplane ’ s
A) Because it is extremely dangerous to conduct such research on an airplane.
B) Because research scientists have not been able to produce the same effects in labs.
C) Because it remains a mystery what wavelengths are liable to be interfered with.
D) Because experts lack adequate equipment to do such research.
25. It can be inferred from the passage that the author ________.
A) hasn ’ t formed his own opinion on this problem
B) has overestimated the danger of electromagnetic interference
C) is in favor of prohibiting passengers ’ use of electronic devices comp letely
D) regards it as unreasonable to exercise a total ban during flight
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
President Coolidge ’statement, s ― The business of America is business, still ‖ points to an important truth today — that business institutions have more prestige (威望 ) in American society than any other kind of organization, including the government. Why do business institutions posses this great prestige?
One reason is that Americans view business as being more firmly based on the ideal of competition than other institutions in society. Since competition is seen as the major source of progress and prosperity by most Americans, competitive business institutions are respected.
Competition is not only good in itself, it is the means by which other basic American values such as individual freedom, equality of opportunity, and hard work are protected.
Competition protects the freedom of the individual by ensuring that there is no monopoly (垄断 ) of power. In contrast to one, all-powerful government, many businesses compete against each other for profits. Theoretically, if one business tries to take unfair advantage of its customers, it will lose to competing business which treats its customers more fairly. Where many businesses compete for the customers ’ dollar, they cannot afford to treat them like inferiors or slaves.
A contrast is often made between business, which is competitive, and government, which is a monopoly. Because business is competitive, many Americans believe that it is more supportive of freedom than government, even though government leaders are elected by the people and business leaders are not. Many Americans believe, then, that competition is as important, or even more important, than democracy in preserving freedom.
Competition in business is also believed to strengthen the ideal of equality of opportunity. Competition is seen as an open and fair race where success goes to the swiftest person regardless of his or her social class background. Competitive success is commonly seen as the American alternative to social rank based on family background. Business is therefore viewed as an expression of the idea of equality of opportunity rather than the aristocratic (贵族的 ) idea of inherited privilege.
26. The statement ― The business of America is business ‖ probably means ― ________ ‖.
A) The business institutions in America are concerned with commerce
B) Business problems are of great importance to the American government
C) Business is of primary concern to Americans
D) America is a great power in world business
27. Americans believe that they can realize their personal values only ________.
A) when given equality of opportunity B) through doing business
C) by protecting their individual freedom D) by way of competition
28. Who can benefit from business competition?
A) Honest businessmen. B) Both businessmen and their customers.
C) People with ideals of equality and freedom. D) Both business institutions and government.
29. Government is believed to differ strikingly from business in that government is characterized by
A) its absolute control of power B) its function in preserving personal freedom
C) its role in protecting basic American values D) its democratic way of exercising leadership
30. It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes ________.
A) Americans are more ambitious than people in other countries
B) in many countries success often depends on one ’ s social status
C) American businesses are more democratic than those in other countries
D) businesses in other countries are not as competitive as those in America
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (25 minutes)
Directions: There are 25 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices
marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the
corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
31. Not until many years later __________ known.
A) the whole truth became B) the whole truth did become
C) did the whole truth become D) became the whole truth
32. It had happened so often that they sold their wheat soon after harvest when farm debts were
coming due, ___________ prices rising and speculators getting rich.
A) only seeing B) to only see
C) only see D) only to see
33. Nuclear science should be developed to benefit the people ___________ harm them.
A) more than B) rather than
C) other than D) better than
34. He wrote a letter of thanks to _______ had helped him make this performance a great success.
A) whom B) those
C) anyone D) whoever
35. I wish I __________ longer this morning, but I had to get up and come to class.
A) have slept B) slept
C) would be sleeping D) will have slept
36. Three-fourths of the earth ’s surface __________ sea.
A) is B) are
C) have been D) will be
37. You __________ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing.
A) needn’t have done B) shouldn ’t have done
C) mustn’t have done D) couldn ’t have done
38. Doctor Green went on with his experiment on human cloning __________ the debates going on
A) for the sake of B) but for
C) regardless of D) in the light of
39. All _______ glitters ( 闪光 ) is not gold. 模拟试题三 8
A) that B) which
C) who D) whose
40. _________ is announced in the papers, China has launched another man-made satellite.
A) It B) That
C) Which D) As
41. A person ’ s calorie requirements vary ________ h is life.
A) across B) throughout
C) over D) within
42. A survey was carried out on the death rate of new-born babies in that region, ________ were
A) as results B) which results
C) the results of it D) the results of which
43. Generous public funding of basic science would ________ considerable benefits for the country ’ s
health, wealth and security.
A) lead to B) result from
C) lie in D) settle down
44. In a time of social reform, people ’ s state of mind tends to keep ________ with the rapid changes
A) step B) progress
C) pace D) touch
45. ________ in an atmosphere of simple living was what her parents wished for.
A) The girl was educated B) The girl educated
C) The girl ’ s being educated D) The girl to be educated
46. ________ the calculation is right, scientists can never be sure that they have included all variables
and modeled them accurately.
A) Even if B) As far as
C) If only D) So long as
47. My train arrives in New York at eight o ’ clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there
________ by then.
A) would leave B) will have left
C) has left D) had left
48. The speech which he made ________ the project has bothered me greatly.
A) being concerned B) concerned
C) be concerned D) concerning
49. Harry was ________ by a bee when he was collecting the honey.
A) stung B) stuck
C) bitten D) scratched
50. The thief tried to open the locked door but ________.
A) in no way B) in vain
C) without effect D) at a loss
51. All flights ________ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing but take the
A) had been canceled B) have been canceled
C) were canceled D) having been canceled
52. ________ seeing the damage he had done, the child felt ashamed. 模拟试题三 9
A) By B) On
C) At D) For
53. Remember that customers don ’ t ________ about prices in that city.
A) debate B) consult
C) dispute D) bargain
54. Research findings show we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we
________ during the day.
A) should have done B) may have done
C) would have done D) must have done
55. I hope that you ’ ll be more careful in typing the letter. Don ’ t ________ anything.
A) lack B) withdraw
C) omit D) leak
Part IV Translation (20 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to translate the following paragraph into
Nowadays, lots of people can do their shopping in the comfort of their homes with the help of the
Internet. Online shopping has become one of people ’favorite s ways of shopping. For customers,
online shopping offers not only conveniences, broad selection and competitive pricing, but also easier
access to goods information. For businesses, the Internet brings in more customers and offers a larger
market. For the entire market-oriented economy, this new type of shopping method can allocate
resources with greater efficiency on a broader scale in a more extensive dimension.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the topic Green
Consumption. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below
3. 如何解决这个问题模拟试题三 10
Part I Use of Language (10 points)
1-5 ABADD 6-10 CBADC
Part II Reading Comprehension (40 points)
11-15 ADBCB 16-20 DBCAB 21-25 CDCBA 26-30 CDBAB
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (25 points)
31-35 CDBDB 36-40 AACAD 41-45 BDACC 46-50 ABDAB 51-55 DBDCC
Part IV Translation (10 points)
Part VI Writing (15 points) ( 例文仅供参考 )
The idea of green consumption has gradually become popular in China. More and more green
foods are making their appearance on the market and more and more people are becoming conscious
of environmental protection.
However, there still exist quite a few difficulties in the further promotion of green consumption.
On the one hand, many people are still not quite clear about the advantages of green foods. On the
other hand, due to high profits, many fake green foods are found on the market. Moreover, many
consumers don ’ t want to pay extra money for green foods.
There may be several ways to solve these problems. Firstly, the government should supervise the
good quality strictly to protect consumers ’ interests. Secondly, the idea of green consumption should
be further promoted and emphasized. Thirdly, the government should work together with
manufacturers to make the price more reasonable.